People’s Republic of China

Flag of China


China on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Eastern Asia

Dependencies – Hong Kong, Macau

Size – 9,596,960 km²

Geography – Mountains, high plateaux, desert in west, plains and hills in east

Language – Mandarin, Chinese (various dialects)

Religion – officially atheist

Monetary Unit – Yuan


Natural Resources – coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium

Agriculture – rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, tea, millet, barley, apples, cotton, oilseed; pork; fish

Industry – mining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites

China Map

Neighbouring Countries -Mongolia, Russia, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Burma, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan

Population – 1,355,692,576 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.6%

Average Life Expectancy – 73

Capital City – Beijing (21,500,000)

Largest City – Shanghai (24,151,500)

Highest Mountain – Mount Everest (8,850 m)

Longest River – Yangtze (6,300 km)

Climate – North – very cold winters -18°C to -2°C and warm, humid summers 16°C to 31°C, Central – cool winters 1°C to 13°C, warm humid summers 19°C to 32°C, South tropical, mild winters 8°C to 20°C, very hot summers 23°C to 32°C

Yearly Rainfall –  North – 72 cm (approx) mostly May – September,  Central – 118cm (approx), South -130cm (approx) mostly April – October

Plant Life – More than 2500 trees including larch, birch, Scotch pine, gingko tree, cathaya tree, and metasequoia. Wide range of plants including 650 varieties of azalea, 390 varieties of primrose and 230 varieties of gentian

Animal Lifegiant panda, golden-haired monkey, tiger, deer, bear

Bird Life – More than 1,000 bird species including mandarin duck, the white-crowned long-tailed pheasant, golden pheasant, Derby’s parakeet, yellow-backed sunbird, red-billed leiothrix, and red-crowned crane

Aquatic Life – Chinese river dolphin and Chinese alligator, many species of fish


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). People’s Republic of China. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

Facts and Figures Pages

World Facts
Country Facts