Nepal Flag


Nepal on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Southern Asia

Size – 147,181km²

Geography – Flat in the south, central hills and mountainous north

Language – Nepali 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6%, Tharu 5.8%, Tamang 5.1%,  Other dialects 26.8%

Religion – Hindu 81.3%, Buddhist 9.3%, Muslim 4.4%, Kirant 3.1%, Christian 1.4%, other 0.5%

Monetary Unit – Nepalese rupee

Natural Resources – quartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore

Agriculture – pulses, rice, corn, wheat, sugarcane, jute, root crops; milk, water buffalo meath

Industry – tourism, carpets, textiles; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production

India Map

Neighbouring Countries – China, India

Population –   31,551,305 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.79%

Average Life Expectancy – 67.52 years

Capital City – Kathmandu (1,142,000)

Highest Mountain – Everest (8,850m)

Longest River – Karnali (507 km)

Climate – South – warm winters 7°C to 20°C and hot summers 25°C to 37°C North – cold winters – -12°C to 2°C,  warm summers 20°C to 35°C

Yearly Rainfall – 160cm mainly June to September

Plant Life – Oaks, chir, pine Maple, fir, Blue pine, hemlock, spruce, juniper, yew, holly, birch, rhododendron, alpine plants, orchids

Animal Life – wild dog, red panda, tiger, hyena, jackal, rhesus monkey, cats, squirrel, hare, deer, goats, marmots

Bird Life – green finch, dove, woodpecker, nuthatch, warbler, flycatcher, bulbul, hill partridge, pheasant, yellow-backed sunbird, minivet, edstart, pipit, wagtail, snow pigeon, snowcock, and golden eagle


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Nepal. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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