India Flag


India on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Southern Asia

Size – 3,287,263km²

Geography – Flat to rolling plains, deserts in west, Himalayas in north

Language – Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Other dialects 20.2%

Religion – Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.9%

Monetary Unit – Indian Rupee

Natural Resources -Coal , iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land

Agriculture – rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, lentils, onions, potatoes; dairy products, sheep, goats, poultry; fish

Industry – textiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software, pharmaceuticals

India Map

Neighbouring CountriesBangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal, Pakistan

Population –   1,236,344,631 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.25%

Average Life Expectancy – 67.8 years

Capital City – New Delhi (21,753,486)

Highest Mountain – Kanchenjunga (8,598m)

Longest River – River Ganges (2,525 km)


Climate – West and peninsular – subtropical to temperate 23°C to 29°C Northern Mountains – subtropical to arctic – 0°C to 20°C,  South-East 20°C to 40°C

Yearly Rainfall – Desert areas less than 15cm, mountain regions 25 – 143 cm (approx), rest of the country   75 – 300 cm (approx) mostly during the monsoon season June – October

Plant Life – Pine, oak, bamboo, juniper, deodar, sandalwood, teak, rosewood, mango, Indian mahogany

Animal Life – 300 species of mammals including rats, elephants, rhinos, bats, lion, tigers and lots more

Bird Life – 900 species of breeding birds including flamingos, eagles, hawks, sandgrouse, cuckoos and many more


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). India. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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