Bhutan Flag


Bhutan on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Southern Asia

Size – 47,000 km²

Geography – Mostly mountainous with some savanna and fertile valleys

Language – Dzongkha, Tibetan and Nepalese dialects

Religion – 75%  Buddhist, 28% Hindu

Monetary Unit – Ngultrum

Natural Resources – timber, gypsum, calcium carbonate

Agriculture – rice, corn, root crops, citrus, foodgrains; dairy products, eggs

Industry – cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism

Bhutan Map

Neighbouring Countries – China, India

Population – 733,643 (2014)

Population Growth Rate – 2.08%

Average Life Expectancy – 55.1

Capital City – Thimphu (population 79,185)

Highest Mountain – Kula Kangri (7,553 m)

Longest River – Manas (Gongri) (3,200 km )

Climate – Cool winters 2°C to 19°C and hot summers 20°C to 30°C in valleys, cold winters and cool summers in mountains with year round snow

Yearly Rainfall – 140 cm approx mostly during May to October Monsoon season


Plant Life – rhododendron, juniper, magnolia, carnivorous plants, rare orchids, blue poppy (the national flower), edelweiss, gentian, medicinal plants, daphne, giant rhubarb, high-altitude plants, tropical trees, pine and oak

Animal Life – golden langur, red panda, snow leopard, takin, musk deer, Himalayan brown bear, Himalayan marten, tiger, mountain goat and timid blue sheep

Bird Life – black-necked crane,  pheasant, hornbill


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Bhutan. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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