Brown Bear

Brown Bear

Scientific Name Ursus Arctos

Classification – Ursus

Gender Names – Male – boar; Female – sloth; Baby – cub

Collective Noun – Sloth or sleuth

Length/Size – 1.5m – 2.8m (5ft – 9.2ft)

Weight – 136kg – 390kg (300lbs – 860lbs)

Top Speed – 56km/h (35mph)

Life Expectancy – 20 – 30 years; up to 50 in captivity

Mating Season  Mid-May to early July

Pregnancy – 180 – 270 days

Special Features  Hibernate in the winter months

Social Structure – Lives a solitary life; not highly territorial unless there is competition for food and mate

Geographical Distribution – Parts of Russia, the Carpathian region (especially Romania), Anatolia, and Caucasus, the United States (mostly Alaska), Central Asia, China, Canada, Scandinavia

Natural Habitat – Forest and mountainous regions

World Population – Estimated to be above 200,000

Conservation Status – Least Concern

Diet – Plants and fungi, invertebrates, large to small mammals, fish (favorite)

Predators – Other bears, tigers, humans