Flag of Romania


Romania on World map

Continent Europe

Region – Eastern Europe

Size – 238,391 km²

Geography – Mountains, plateau and plains

Language – Romanian, Hungarian, Romany

Religion – Eastern Orthodox 81.9%, Protestant 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, other 7.4%

Monetary Unit – Romanian Leu

Natural Resources – petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower

Agriculture – wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, sunflower seed, potatoes, grapes; eggs, sheep

Industry – electric machinery and equipment, textiles and footwear, light machinery, auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining

Map of Romania

Neighbouring CountriesBulgaria, Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine, Moldova

Population – 21,666,350 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – -0.3%

Average Life Expectancy – 74.92

Capital City – Bucharest (population 1,868,000)

Highest Mountain – Moldoveanu (2,544 m)

Longest River – Danube (1000 km in Romania)

Climate – Hot, dry summers – 20°C to 26°C, cold winters – -2°C to 10°C

Yearly Rainfall – 65 cm (approx)


Plant Life – Swiss pine, Norway spruce, fir, beech, durmast, oak, larch, ash, elm, poplar, willow, dianthus, grasses, Carpathian bellflower, gentian, violets, foxglove, viola, lily, pasque flower

Animal Life – Bears, wolf, red deer, chamois, wild boar, roe deer, lynx, wild cat, lizards, toads, frogs, snakes

Bird Life – Bee eater, European roller, pigmy cormorant, geese, grebe, terns, gulls, ducks, sandpiper, ibis, bittern, pelican, wagtail, lark, sparrow


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Romania. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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