Flag of Romania


Romania on World map

Continent – Europe

Region – Eastern Europe

Size – 238,391 km²

Geography – Mountains, plateau and plains

Language – Romanian, Hungarian, Romany

Religion – Eastern Orthodox 81.9%, Protestant 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, other 7.4%

Monetary Unit – Romanian Leu

Natural Resources – petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower

Agriculture – wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, sunflower seed, potatoes, grapes; eggs, sheep

Industry – electric machinery and equipment, textiles and footwear, light machinery, auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining

Map of Romania

Neighbouring Countries – Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine, Moldova

Population – 21,666,350 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – -0.3%

Average Life Expectancy – 74.92

Capital City – Bucharest (population 1,868,000)

Highest Mountain – Moldoveanu (2,544 m)

Longest River – Danube (1000 km in Romania)

Climate – Hot, dry summers – 20°C to 26°C, cold winters – -2°C to 10°C

Yearly Rainfall – 65 cm (approx)


Plant Life – Swiss pine, Norway spruce, fir, beech, durmast, oak, larch, ash, elm, poplar, willow, dianthus, grasses, Carpathian bellflower, gentian, violets, foxglove, viola, lily, pasque flower

Animal Life – Bears, wolf, red deer, chamois, wild boar, roe deer, lynx, wild cat, lizards, toads, frogs, snakes

Bird Life – Bee eater, European roller, pigmy cormorant, geese, grebe, terns, gulls, ducks, sandpiper, ibis, bittern, pelican, wagtail, lark, sparrow


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Romania. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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