Flag of Bulgaria


Bulgaria on World map

Continent Europe

Region – Eastern Europe

Size – 110,910 km²

Geography – Mostly mountainous, lowlands to north and east

Language – Bulgarian, Turkish, Roma

Religion – 82.6%  Bulgarian Orthodox, 12.2% Islam, 1.2% other Christian, 4% other

Monetary Unit – Bulgarian Lev

Natural Resources – bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land

Agriculture – vegetables, fruits, tobacco, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets; livestock

Industry – electricity, gas, water; food, beverages, tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel

Map of Bulgaria

Neighbouring CountriesRomania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece, Turkey

Population – 6,924,716 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.84%

Average Life Expectancy – 72.5

Capital City – Sofia (population 1,291,895 estimated)

Highest Mountain – Musala (2,925 m)

Longest River – Danube (472 km in Bulgaria)

Climate – Hot, dry summers – 14°C to 27°C, cold damp winters – -3°C to 10°C

Yearly Rainfall – 65 cm (approx)


Plant Life – Broadleaf and coniferous forest, Mediterranean plants

Animal Life – Bears, foxes, squirrels, elks, wildcats, rodents


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Bulgaria. Available: https://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Facts_Figures/Country_Facts/bulgaria.htm. Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

Facts and Figures Pages

World Facts
Country Facts