Greece flag


Continent – Europe

Region – Central Europe (member of the EU)

Size – 131,957 km²

Geography – mostly mountains with ranges extending into the sea as peninsulas or chains of islands

Language – Greek

Religion – 98% Greek Orthodox, 1.3% Muslim, 0.7% other

Monetary Unit – Euro

Natural Resources – lignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt

Agriculture – wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, olives, tomatoes, wine, tobacco, potatoes; beef, dairy products

Industry – tourism, food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, metal products; mining, petroleum

Neighbouring Countries – Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Turkey

Population – 10,775,557 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.01%

Average Life Expectancy – 80.3

Capital City – Athens (3,090,508)

Highest Mountain – Mount Olympus (2917 m)

Longest River – Aliakmon (297 km)

Climate – Temperate, Mediterranean – mild winters 6°C to 19°C, hot summers 19°C to 33°C

Yearly Rainfall – 40 cm (approx)

Plant Life – oak, chestnut, pine, beech, fir, oranges, olives, dates, almonds, pomegranates, figs, grapes, tobacco, cotton

Animal Life – bear, wildcat, jackal, fox, chamois, wild goat

Bird Life – many migratory and native birds


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Greece. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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