Flag of Canada


Canada on World Map

Continent North America

Region – Canada

Size – 9,984,670 km²

Geography – Mostly flat plains, mountains in west, lowlands in south-east

Language – English & French

Religion – 42%  Roman Catholic, 23% Protestant, 16% None, 12% Other, 4% Muslim

Monetary Unit
– Canadian dollar

Natural Resources – iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas

Agriculture – wheat, barley, oilseed, tobacco, fruits, vegetables; dairy products; forest products; fish

Industry – transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gas

Map of Canada

Neighbouring Countries – United States

Population – 34,834,841 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.87%

Average Life Expectancy – 81

Capital City – Ottawa (population 883,391)

Largest City – Toronto (population 2,615,060)

Highest Mountain – Logan (5,959 m)

Longest River – Mackenzie (4241km)

Climate – South – temperate – warm summers 12°C to 24°C and cold winters – -16°C to 3°C,  North – sub-arctic to arctic – cool summers – 1°C to 18°C  and very cold winters -32°C to -12°C

Yearly Rainfall –  South -85cm (approx), North –  40cm (approx)


Plant Life – South – pine, hemlock, maple, birch, fir, aspen, beech, grasses. North – conifer, short grasses, mosses, low bushes

Animal Life – South and central – deer, black bear, opossum, grey and red squirrels, otter, beaver, skunk, moose, caribou, lynx, wolf, marten, beaver, porcupine, rabbit, mice, chipmunk. North – musk ox, reindeer, polar bear, caribou, fox, arctic hare, lemming

Bird Life – South and central – bluebird, red-winged blackbird, robin, wood thrush, woodpecker, oriole, bobolink, crow, hawk, bittern, heron, black duck, loon, owl, pigeon, swift, crow. North – snowy owl, ptarmigan, snow bunting, arctic tern

Aquatic Lifewalrus, seals, whales


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Canada. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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