Scientific Name Rangifer tarandus

Classification – Rangifer

Gender Names – Male – bull; Female – cow; Baby – pup

Collective Noun – Herd

Length/Size – 1.6-2.1m (63-82in)

Weight – 60-320kg (132-705lbs)

Top Speed – 80km/h (50mph)

Life Expectancy – 15 years; up to 20 in captivity

Mating Season  October-November

Gestation Period – 222 days

Special Features  Large antlers are present in the males

Social Structure – Live in large herds of anything between 20 and 30, up to several thousand individuals

Geographical Distribution – Spread in subspecies across the Tundra belt

Natural Habitat – Forest regions close to the Arctic regions

World Population – 14,200 (2014)

Conservation Status –Vulnerable

Diet – Lichens (winter), leaves, sedges and grasses

Predators – Human, Bears, Wolves, Eagles (juvenile)