Pakistan flag


Pakistan on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Southern Asia

Size – 796,095 km²

Geography – flat eastern plain, mountainous north, plateau in west

Language – Punjabi, Sindhi, English, other dialects

Religion – Muslim – 96.4% other 3.4%

Monetary Unit – Pakistani rupee

Natural Resources – arable land, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone

Agriculture – cotton, wheat, rice, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; milk, beef, mutton, eggs

Industry – textiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp

Pakistan Map

Neighbouring CountriesAfghanistan, China, India, Iran

Population – 199,085,847 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.46%

Average Life Expectancy – 67.39

Capital City – Islamabad (population 1,365,000)

Largest City – Karachi (population 16,618,000)

Highest Mountain – K2 (Mt. Godwin-Austen) (8,611 m)

Longest River – Indus (3,200 km in India, China, Pakistan)

Climate – Warm winters – 15°C to 26°C and  hot summers 22°C to 32°C

Yearly Rainfall – 25 cm approx mostly monsoon season July – September


Plant Life – Spruce, pine, cedar, mangrove, juniper, tamarisk, coarse grasses, scrub plants, coconut, date

Animal Life – mongooses, civets, hares, jackal, pandolin, jungle cat, wild boar, deer, porcupine, hyenas, leopard,

Bird Life – 650+ bird species including – Crows, sparrows, mynas, hawks, falcons, and eagles


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Pakistan. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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