Afghanistan flag


Afghanistan on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Southern Asia

Size – 647,500 km²

Geography – Mountainous (Hindu Kush range), plains in north and south-west

Language – Dari Persian, Pashtu, other Turkic and minor languages

Religion – Muslim – 80% Sunni, 19% Shiite

Monetary Unit – Afghani

Natural Resources – Natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, gold, silver, chromite, talc, barites, sulphur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semi-precious stones

Agriculture – opium, wheat, fruits, nuts; wool, mutton, sheepskins, lambskins

Industry – small-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper

Afghanistan Map

Neighbouring CountriesTurkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China, Iran, Pakistan

Population – 31,822,848 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 2.6%

Average Life Expectancy – 43.8

Capital City – Kabul (population 3,476,000)

Highest Mountain – Noshaq (7,486 m)

Longest River – Helmand (1,150 km)

Climate – Cold winters  -24°C to 2°C and  hot summers 16°C to 45°C

Yearly Rainfall – 130 cm approx


Plant Life – Mountain Regions – evergreen trees, oak, poplar, wild hazelnut, almond, and pistachio
Plains – camel thorn, locoweed, spiny restharrow, mimosa, wormwood

Animal Life – 100+ mammal species including – gazelle, leopard, snow leopard, markor goat, Bactrian deer, sheep, urial, ibex, bear, wolf, fox, hyena, jackal,  mongoose, wild boar, hedgehog, shrew, hare, bat

Bird Life – 380+ bird species including – flamingo, duck, partridge


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Afghanistan. Available: Last accessed Thursday, July 21, 2016

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