Flag of Iran


Iran on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Southern Asia

Size – 1,648,195km²

Geography – costal plains, central basin with deserts and mountains

Language – Persian 58%, Turkic 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Balochi 1%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2%

Religion – Muslim 98%, other 2%

Monetary Unit – Iranian Rial

    Natural Resources – petroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulphur

Agriculture – wheat, rice, other grains, sugar beets, sugar cane, fruits, nuts, cotton; dairy products, wool; caviar

Industry – petroleum, petrochemicals, fertilizers, caustic soda, textiles, cement, construction materials, food processing, ferrous and non-ferrous metal fabrication, armaments

Iran Map

Neighbouring CountriesAfghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan

Population –  80,840,713 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.22%

Average Life Expectancy – 70.89

Capital City – Tehran (8,293,140)

Highest Mountain – Kuh-e Damavand (5,671m)

Longest River – Karun 720km

Climate – continental climate with cold winters – -3°C to 7°C and hot summers 22°C to 37°C,

Yearly Rainfall – less than 30cm (approx)

Plant Life – oak, ash, elm, cypress, and plane tree, poplar, willow, walnut, beech, maple, mulberry, spring plants and shrubs

Animal Life – Bears, wild sheep and goats, gazelles, wild asses, wild pigs, panthers, foxes cattle, horses, water buffalo, donkeys, and camels

Bird Life -pheasant, partridge, stork, and falcon


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Iran. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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