Azerbaijan Flag


Azerbaijan on World Map

Continent – Asia

Region – Western Asia

Size – 86,600 km²

Geography – Mostly flat, mountainous north

Language – Azerbaijani, Turkish, Russian, Armenian

Religion – 93.4% Islam, 2.5% Russian Orthodox, 2.3% Armenian Orthodox

Monetary Unit – Monat

Natural Resources – petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite

Agriculture – cotton, grain, rice, grapes, fruit, vegetables, tea, tobacco; cattle, pigs, sheep, goats

Industry – petroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles

Azerbaijan Map

Neighbouring Countries – Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Iran

Population – 9,686,210 (2014)

Population Growth Rate – 0.7%

Average Life Expectancy – 63.9

Capital City – Baku (population 2,122,300)

Highest Mountain – Bazarduzu Dagi (4,485 m)

Longest River – Kura (900 km – in Azerbaijan)

Climate – Hot summers  21°C to 33°C and cold winters 0°C to 12°C
North – warm summers 14°C to 34°C and cold snowy winters -9°C to 10°C

Yearly Rainfall – 15 cm approx, north 30cm approx


Plant Life – 4,500 species

Animal Life – 106 mammal species including cattle, horse, goat, mouflon, gazelle, 52 reptile species

Bird Life – 363 bird species including golden eagle

Aquatic Life – 97 fish species including salmon, sturgeon, beluga. aspius, chalcalburnus, eel


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Azerbaijan. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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