Iraq flag


Iraq on world map

Continent Asia

Region – Western Asia

Size – 438,317km²

Geography – broad plains, marshland to east and south, northern mountains

Language – Arabic (official), Kurdish, Turkoman, Assyrian, Armenian

Religion – Muslim 97%, Christian or other 3%

Monetary Unit – Iraqi Dinar

    Natural Resources – petroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulphur

Agriculture – wheat, barley, rice, vegetables, dates, cotton; cattle, sheep, poultry

Industry – petroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing

Iraq Map

Neighbouring CountriesIran, Jordan, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey

Population – 32,585,692 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 2.23%

Average Life Expectancy – 71.42 years

Capital City – Baghdad (6,554,126)

Highest Mountain unnamed peak; (3,611m)

Longest River -Euphrates (2,800km – 1,060 through Iraq)

Climate -mostly desert; mild to cool winters 0°C to 6°C with dry, hot summers 23°C to 43°C

Yearly Rainfall – 45 cm (approx) mostly November to April

Plant Life – papyrus, lotus, tall reeds, willow, poplar, alder, liquorice

Animal Life – hyena, jackal, fox, gazelle, antelope, jerboa, mole, porcupine, desert hare, and bat

Bird Life – wild ducks, geese, partridge, vultures, owls, and ravens


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Iraq. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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