Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia Flag


Saudi Arabia on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Western Asia, Middle East

Size – 2,149,690 km²

Geography – sandy desert

Language – Arabic

Religion – Muslim

Monetary Unit – Saudi riyal

Natural Resources – petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper

Agriculture – wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus; mutton, chickens, eggs, milk

Industry – crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals, ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics, metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction

Saudi Arabia Map

Neighbouring CountriesJordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Oman, Yeman

Population – 27,752,316 (2015) of which 30% are non-nationals

Population Growth Rate – 1.46%

Average Life Expectancy – 75.21

Capital City – Riyadh (population 6,195,000)

Highest Mountain – Jabal Sawda (3,133 m)

Longest River – No major rivers

Climate – Very hot, dry summers 24°C to 45°C, hot, dry winters 12°C to 25°C. In both summer and winter the temperature drops markedly after sundown.

Yearly Rainfall – 30 cm approx October to March on Western Coast, other regions negligible rainfall


Plant Life – desert shrub, acacia, tussock grass, cacti, date, palm, white broom, convolvulus buschiricus, lavender, echinops, datura, wild rose, achillea biebersteinii

Animal Life – antelopes, bats, baboons, honey badgers, camels, cats, dormice, foxes, gazelles, gerbils, goats, hamsters, hedgehogs, hyenas, jackals, jerboas, leopards, mongooses, porcupines, rats, sheep, shrews, voles, wolves, oryx, lizards, snakes

Bird Life – falcons, doves, ducks, geese, the houbara, kingfishers, martins, owls, pipits, quail, swallows, vultures, warblers, crows, black kite, bustards, eagles, goshawks, linnets, magpies, partridges, thrushes


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Saudi Arabia. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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