Oman Flag


Oman on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Western Asia, Middle East

Size – 309,500 km²

Geography – desert plain with mountains in north and south

Language – Arabic, English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects

Religion – Muslim 85.9%, Christian 6.5%, Hindu 5.5% other 2.1%

Monetary Unit – Omani rial

Natural Resources – petroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas

Agriculture – dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa, vegetables; camels, cattle; fish

Industry – crude oil production and refining, natural and liquefied natural gas production; construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals

Oman Map

Neighbouring CountriesUnited Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Yemen

Population – 3,286,936 (2015) of which 30% are non-nationals

Population Growth Rate – 2.07%

Average Life Expectancy – 75.21

Capital City – Muscat (population 838,000)

Highest Mountain – Jabal Shams (2,980 m)

Longest River – No major rivers

Climate – Very hot, dry summers 24°C to 40°C, hot, dry winters 18°C to 25°C

Yearly Rainfall – 6 cm approx November to April


Plant Life – desert shrub, grass, date, palm, coconut, frankincense, oleander, acacia

Animal Lifecheetah, hyena, fox, wolf, hare, goats, camel, lizards, snakes, scorpions, turtles

Bird Life – vulture, eagle, stork, bustard, Arabian partridge, bee eater, falcon and sunbird


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Oman. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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