Continent- Asia

Region – Western Asia

Size – 185,180 km2

Geography – Consists of arid plateau, mountains, desert

Language- Arabic

Religion- 90% Muslims, 10% Christians

Monetary Unit- Syrian pound (SYP)

Natural Resources- Petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower

Agriculture- Cotton, olives, wheat, barley, lentils, chickpeas, sugar beets, beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, and milk.

Industry- Petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing, car assembly

Neighboring Countries – Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, Israel

Population – 17,064,854 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate- 2%

Average Life Expectancy – 62.91 years

Capital City – Damascus

Highest Mountain – Jabal ad Durūz (1800m); highest point: Mount Hermon (2814 m)

Yearly Rainfall – 300-500 mm in the coastal area, from about 200 mm further inland and from 127 mm to less than 25 mm in the desert area in the southeast

Plant Life – Reed grasses, wild flowers, trees, and shrubs, including buckthorn and tamarisk; aleppo pine and Syrian and valonia oak

Animal Life- Antelope, deer, wildcat, porcupine, squirrel, hare, cheetah, giraffe, elephant

Bird Life – Pelican, flamingo, ostrich, bustard, falcon, eagle

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