Flag of Lebanon


Lebanon on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Western Asia, Middle East

Size – 10,400 km²

Geography – rugged land with narrow coastal plain

Language – Arabic (official), French, English

Religion – Muslim 54%, Christian 40.5%, other  5.5%

Monetary Unit – Lebanese pound

     Natural Resources – limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land

Agriculture – citrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco; sheep, goats

Industry – banking, tourism, food processing, wine, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating

Map of Lebanon

Neighbouring CountriesSyria, Israel

Population –  5,882,562 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 9.37%

Average Life Expectancy – 77.22

Capital City – Beirut (2,022,000)

Highest Mountain – Qornet es Saouda (3,088m)

Longest River – Litani (140 km)

Climate – Mediterranean – mild winters – 5°C to 15°C and hot summers 20°C to 30°C

Yearly Rainfall – 90 cm (approx) mostly November to March

Plant Life – Olive, fig trees, grapevines, cedar, maple, juniper, fir, cypress, valonia oak, and Aleppo pine trees

Animal Life – jackals, gazelles, rabbits, mice, squirrels, gerbils

Bird Life – Thrushes, nightingales, partridges, pigeons, vultures, and eagles.


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Lebanon. Available: https://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Facts_Figures/Country_Facts/lebanon.htm. Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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