Israel flag


Israel on world map

Continent – Asia

Region – Western Asia/ Middle East

Size – 20,770 km²

Geography – coastal plain, central mountains, southern desert

Language – Hebrew, Arabic, English

Religion – Jewish 75.5%, Muslim 16.8%, Christian 2.1%, other 5.6%

Monetary Unit – Shekel

Natural Resources – timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand

Agriculture – citrus, vegetables, cotton; beef, poultry, dairy products

Industry – electronics, wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, construction, metals products, chemical products, plastics, diamond cutting, textiles, footwear

Israel Map

Neighbouring Countries – Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, West Bank, Gaza Strip, Egypt

Population –  7,821,850 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.46%

Average Life Expectancy – 81.28

Capital City – Jerusalem (791,000)

Highest Mountain – Har Meron (1,208m)

Longest River – river Jordan (252 km)

Climate – Temperate cool and mild winters 6°C to 15°C, hot and dry summers 18°C to 30°C

Yearly Rainfall – 60 cm (approx) mostly in winter

Plant Life – vines, fig, olive, citrus trees, banana, advocado, palm, oak, broom, numerous wildflowers

Animal Life – jackal, hyena, wild boar, gazelle, fox, deer

Bird Life – many different species including, buzzard, pelican, starling, vultures







Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Israel. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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