Flag of Egypt


Egypt on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – North Africa

Size – 1,001,450 km²

Geography – mostly desert, fertile area around Nile

Language – Arabic, English, French

Religion – 90% Muslim, 9% Coptic, 1% other

Monetary Unit – Egyptian Pound

Natural Resources – petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc

Agriculture – cotton, rice, corn, wheat, beans, fruits, vegetables; cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats

Industry – textiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures

Map of Egypt

Neighbouring Countries – Gaza Strip, Israel, Sudan, Libya

Population – 86,895,099 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.84%

Average Life Expectancy – 73.45

Capital City – Cairo (10,230,350)

Highest Mountain – Mount Catherine (2,629 m)

Longest River – Nile (6,695 km total length)

Climate – coastal region – Mediterranean hot sunny summers 18°C to 31°C and warm winters 7°C to 13°C, other regions – warm days and cool nights in winter – 10°C to 23°C, hot days and warm nights in summer 23°C to 41°C

Yearly Rainfall – coastal region 20 cm (approx) mostly November to March, other regions – negligible rainfall


Plant Life – papyrus, date palm, citrus trees, eucalyptus, cypress

Animal Life – camels, sheep, goats, donkeys, hyena, jackal, lynx, mongoose, wild boar, snakes

Bird Life – 300 bird species

Fish Aquatic Life – crocodiles, mullet, sardines, eels


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Egypt. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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