Flag of Sudan


South Sudan on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – Northern Africa

Size – 1,861,484 km²

Geography – northern desert and flat plain

Language – English, Arabic, other dialects

Religion – Sunni Muslim, Christian (minority)

Monetary Unit – Sudanese Pound

Natural Resources – petroleum, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower

Agriculture – cotton, peanuts, sorghum, millet, wheat, gum arabic, sugarcane, cassava, mangoes, papaya, bananas, sweet potatoes, sesame seeds, sheep

Industry – oil, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile assembly

Sudan Map

Neighbouring CountriesEgypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea

Population – 36,108,853 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.72%

Average Life Expectancy – 63.68

Capital City – Khartoum (5,129,000)

Highest Mountain – Jabal Marrah (3,071 m)

Longest River – The Nile 6853 km in Uganda, Burundi, South Sudan, Sudan, Ethiopia, Egypt

Climate – tropical, hot all year 20°C to 40°C

Yearly Rainfall – 20 cm (approx) mostly July to September

Plant Life – acacia, desert scrub, grasses, palm trees

Animal Lifeaardvark, lemurs, monkeys, mice, rats, voles, gerbils, bats

Bird Life – ostrich, petrel, boobies, gannets, quail, larks, swallows, wagtails, cuckoos, grebes, sandgrouse


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2016). Sudan. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Facts and Figures Pages

World Facts
Country Facts