Flag of Chad


Chad on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – Central Africa

Size – 1.284,000 km²

Geography – Central plains, Sahara desert in north, mountains north-west, lowlands in south

Language – French, Arabic

Religion – 53% Muslim, 20% Roman Catholic, 15% Protestant, 7% animist, 3% Atheist

Monetary Unit – Central African Franc

Natural Resources – petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt

Agriculture – cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca); cattle, sheep, goats, camels

Industry – oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials


Neighbouring CountriesLibya, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger

Population – 11,412,107 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 2.32%

Average Life Expectancy – 47

Capital City – N’Djamena (population 1,092,066)

Highest Mountain – Emi Koussi (3,415 m)

Rivers – Chari and Logone flow through Chad

Climate – North – Saharan -12°C (night) to 50°C (day), South – hot, dry winters 14°C to 33°C, very hot, wet summers 28°C to 42°C

Yearly Rainfall –  South -76cm (approx), North – 2.5cm (approx) frequent droughts

Plant Life – North – very little plant life – occasional palm oases, Middle – steppe and savannah grasses, South – shrubs, tall grasses, and scattered broad-leaved deciduous trees

Animal Life – elephant, hippopotamus, rhinoceros, warthog, giraffe, antelope, lion, leopard, cheetah, hyenas, snakes

Bird Life – rich and varied

Aquatic Life – many species of fish in lake Chad


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Chad. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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