Flag of Nigeria


Nigeria on World Map

Continent – Africa

Region – Western Africa

Size – 923,768 km²

Geography – southern lowlands, central plateau and northern plains, south east mountains

Language – English (official), African dialects

Religion – Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, other religions 10%

Monetary Unit – West African CFA franc

Natural Resources – natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land

Agriculture – cocoa, peanuts, cotton, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava (manioc, tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish

Industry – crude oil, coal, tin, columbite; rubber products, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel

Map of Nigeria

Neighbouring Countries – Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Benin

Population –  181,562,056 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 2.45%

Average Life Expectancy – 53.02

Capital City – Abuja (2,440,000)

Largest City – Lagos (13,123,000)

Highest Mountain – Chappal Waddi (2,419 m)

Longest River – Niger – (total length 4,200 km in Guinea, Mali, Niger, Benin, Nigeria)

Climate – North, tropical – 20°C – 36°C all year, South  – 22°C – 33°C

Yearly Rainfall – North 50 cm (approx) mostly June to September, South 400cm mostly March to July

Plant Life – mangrove, palm, abura, mahogany, iroko, African walnut, obeche, grasses

Animal Life – gorilla, chimpanzee, baboon, monkey, crocodile, lizards, snakes, giraffe, hippopotamus, elephant, lion, leopard, gazelle

Bird Life – ostrich, grebe, storm petrels, pelicans, boobies, gannet, cormorant, darter, frigate bird, heron, stork, ibis, spoonbill, terns, ducks, geese, swans, osprey, hawk, falcon, bustard, sandpiper, gulls, parrot, macaw


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Nigeria. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Facts and Figures Pages

World Facts
Country Facts