Flag of Mali


Mali on World Map

Continent – Africa

Region – Western Africa

Size – 1,240,192 km²

Geography – mostly flat with some hills in the north east

Language – French (official), Bambara, African dialects

Religion – Muslim 94.8%, Christian 2.4%, Animist 2%, other 0.8%

Monetary Unit – West African CFA franc

Natural Resources – gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower

Agriculture – cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats

Industry – food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining

Map of Mali

Neighbouring Countries – Algeria, Mauritania, Senegal, Guinea, Cote D’Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Niger

Population –  16,455,903 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 3%

Average Life Expectancy – 54.95

Capital City – Bamako (2, 386,000)

Highest Mountain – Hombori Tondo (1,115 m)

Longest River – Niger (total length 4200 km)

Climate – tropical – 24°C – 32°C all year

Yearly Rainfall – South – 140 cm (approx) mostly June to October, North 12cm (approx)

Plant Life – thorny plants, mimosa, gum tree, mahogany, shea, kapok, baobab

Animal Life – cheetah, dorca, wild sheep, gazelle, giraffe, wart hog, ostrich, bustard, red monkey, lion, jackal, fox, hyena, antelope, buffalo, elephant, hare

Bird Life – ducks, bustard, guinea fowl, quail, pigeon, teal, sandpiper, peetweet, godwit, and woodcock, pelican, marabou, ibis, egret, heron, eagle, and vulture


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Mali. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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