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Algeria on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – Northern Africa

Size – 2,381,741 km²

Geography – North coastal region mountainous, rest is desert

Language – Arabic, French, Berber

Religion – 99% Islam, 1% Jewish and Christian

Monetary Unit – Dinar

Natural Resources – Natural gas, petroleum, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

Agriculture – wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle

Industry – petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing

Algeria Map

Neighbouring Countries – Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Western Sahara

Population – 33,333,216 (2007)

Population Growth Rate – 1.2%

Average Life Expectancy – 73.5

Capital City – Algiers (population 1,742,800)

Highest Mountain – Tahat (3,003 m)

Longest River – Cheliff (679 km)

Climate – Coastal – cool winters  6°C to 14°C and  hot, dry summers 16°C to 38°C – Desert region – hot summers 22°C to 50°C, mild winters 8°C to 22°C

Yearly Rainfall – Coastal region 60 cm approx, desert region minimal

Plant Life – Mountain Regions – oak, conifer and juniper trees; Coastal Regions – scrub land with evergreen hard-leaved shrubs and low trees including laurel, rosemary, thyme, gorse, lavender and sage; Desert Region – grass covered steppe

Animal Life – Mountain Regions – mouflon, Barbary deer, wild boar, and Barbary ape; Desert Region – gazelle, fennec, hyena, and jackal, locust, scorpion

Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Algeria. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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