Flag of Niger


Niger on World Map

Continent – Africa

Region – Western Africa

Size – 1,266,700 km²

Geography – desert plains and sand dunes, hills in the north

Language – French (official), African dialects

Religion – Muslim 80%, other religions 20%

Monetary Unit – West African CFA franc

Natural Resources – uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum

Agriculture – cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava (manioc, tapioca), rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry

Industry – uranium mining, petroleum, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses

Map of Niger

Neighbouring Countries – Mali, Algeria, Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso

Population –  18,045,729 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 3.25%

Average Life Expectancy – 55.15

Capital City – Niamey (1,090,000)

Highest Mountain – Idoukal-n-Taghes (2,022 m)

Longest River – Niger – (total length 4,200 km in Guinea, Mali, Niger, Benin, Nigeria)

Climate – desert, hot – 32°C – 46°C all year

Yearly Rainfall – 85 cm (approx) mostly May to October and south west

Plant Life – cacti, palm, mahogany, shea, baobab, acacia, grasses

Animal Life – antelope, lion, waterbuck, leopard, hyena, monkey, wart hog, crocodile, hippopotamus, turtles, lizards, pythons, vipers

Bird Life – ducks, bustard, guinea fowl, quail, pigeon, teal, sandpiper, peetweet, godwit, and woodcock, pelican, marabou, ibis, egret, heron, eagle, and vulture


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Niger. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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