Burkina Faso

Flag of Burkina Faso


Burkina Faso on World map

Continent Africa

Region – Western Africa

Size – 274,200 km²

Geography – Mostly flat, some hills to west and south-east

Language – French (official), Sudanic African spoken

Religion – 50%  Islam, 40% tribal religions, 10% Christian

Monetary Unit – W African CFA Franc

Natural Resources – manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt

Agriculture – cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock

Industry – cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold

Map of Burkina Faso

Neighbouring CountriesMali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Cote d’Ivoire

Population – 18,365,123 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 2.99%

Average Life Expectancy – 49.21

Capital City – Ouagadougou (population 1,626,950  estimated)

Highest Mountain – Tena Kourou (749 m)

Longest River – Mouhoun (Black Volta)

Climate – Hot, wet summers – 22°C to 40°C, warm, dry winters – 16°C to 32°C

Yearly Rainfall – 90 cm (approx)


Plant Life – Grasses, small trees

Animal Life – elephant, hippopotamus, buffalo, monkey, crocodile, giraffe, antelope


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Burkina Faso. Available: https://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Facts_Figures/Country_Facts/burkinafaso.htm. Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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