Flag of Mauritania


Mauritania on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – Western Africa

Size – 1,030,700 km²

Geography – mostly flat plains with some hills

Language – Arabic (official), African dialects

Religion – Muslim (official)

Monetary Unit – Mauritanian ouguiya

Natural Resources – iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish

Agriculture – dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn; cattle, sheep

Industry – fish processing, oil production, mining for iron ore, gold, copper

Map of Mauritania

Neighbouring CountriesWestern Sahara, Algeria, Mali, Senegal

Population –  3,516,806 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 2.26%

Average Life Expectancy – 62.28

Capital City – Nouakchott (945,000)

Highest Mountain – Kediet Ijill (915 m)

Longest River – Senegal – forms border with Senegal (total length 1700 km)

Climate – desert, hot – 32°C – 46°C all year, coastal region cooler average 24°C – 35°C

Yearly Rainfall – Senegal Valley – 65 cm (approx) mostly June to October, South 5cm (approx)

Plant Life – cacti, palm, (south) – baobab, acacia, grasses

Animal Life – antelopes, wild sheep, ostriches (south) lion, panther, jackal, crocodile, hippopotamus, hyena, cheetah, otter, monkey

Bird Life – ducks, bustard, guinea fowl, quail, pigeon, teal, sandpiper, peetweet, godwit, and woodcock, pelican, marabou, ibis, egret, heron, eagle, and vulture


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Mauritania. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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