Senegal Flag


Senegal on world map

Continent – Africa

Region – Western Africa

Size – 196,72 km²

Geography – low rolling plains with some hills in the south

Language – French, Mandinka, Wolof, Pulaar, Jola

Religion – Muslim 94%, Christian 5%, other 1%

Monetary Unit -West African CFA franc

Natural Resources
– fish, phosphates, iron ore

Agriculture – peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs; fish

Industry – agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, zircon, and gold mining, construction materials, ship construction and repair

Senegal Map

Neighbouring Countries – Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, The Gambia

Population – 13,975,834 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 2.45%

Average Life Expectancy – 61.32

Capital City – Dakar (3,520,000)

Highest Mountain – unnamed location  (581 m)

Longest River – Senegal River (1,790 km in Mauritania, Senegal and Mali)

Climate – June – November – topical, hot, rainy 23°C to 30°C – November – May – cooler, dry season 17°C to 26°C

Yearly Rainfall – 35 cm mostly August and September

Plant Life – mangrove, oil palms, bamboo, African teak, silk-cotton tree, acacia, baobab tree, African locust bean, tallow tree, gingerbread plum tree, savannah grasses

Animal Life – lion, leopard, chimpanzees, elephants, hippopotamuses, giraffes, monkeys, buffalo, porcupine, wild pig, hare, lizards, snakes

Bird Life – guinea fowl, quail, bustard, pelican, vultures


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Senegal. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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