Flag of Ethiopia


Ethiopia on World Map

Continent – Africa

Region – Eastern Africa

Size – 1,127,127 km²

Geography – plateau with central mountain range

Language – Amarigna, Oromigna, other African dialects, English

Religion – 60.8% Christian, 32.8% Muslim, 6.4% Other

Monetary Unit – Ethiopian Birr

Natural Resources – small reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas

Agriculture – cereals, pulses, coffee, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane, potatoes, qat, cut flowers; hides, cattle, sheep, goats; fish

Industry – food processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement

Ethiopia Map

Neighbouring Countries – Eritrea, Dijibouti, Somalia, Kenya, Sudan

Population – 96,633,458 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 3.21%

Average Life Expectancy – 60.75

Capital City – Addis Ababa (3,384,569)

Highest Mountain – Ras Dejen (4,533 m)

Longest River – The Nile 800km in Ethiopia

Climate – tropical, warm, monsoon 10°C to 24°C

Yearly Rainfall – 124 cm (approx) mostly June to September


Plant Life – caraway, carcade, cardamom, chat, coriander, incense, myrrh, red pepper, pyracantha, jasmine, poinsettia and evergreen plants

Animal Life – lion, civet and serval cats, elephant, bush pig, gazelle, antelope, ibex, kudu, dik-dik, oribi, reed buck, wild ass, zebra, hyena, baboon, monkey


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Ethiopia. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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