Flag of Eritrea


Eritrea on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – Eastern Africa

Size – 121,320 km²

Geography – highlands with eastern desert and south western plains

Language – Afar, Arabic, Tigre and Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages

Religion – Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant

Monetary Unit – Nakfa

Natural Resources – gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish

Agriculture – sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, sisal; livestock, goats; fish

Industry – food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles, light manufacturing, salt, cement

Map of Eritrea

Neighbouring CountriesSudan, Ethiopia, Dijibouti

Population – 6,380,803 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 2.44%

Average Life Expectancy – 63.51

Capital City – Asmara (712,000)

Highest Mountain – Soira (3,018 m)

Longest River – No major rivers

Climate – coastal – desert, hot and dry 19°C to 41°C, highlands – cool/warm and wet 6°C to 25°C

Yearly Rainfall – coastal region -10 cm (approx) mostly November to December, highland region – 125 cm (approx) mostly June to September


Plant Life – acacia, cactus, aloe vera, prickly pear, and olive trees

Animal Life – lion, leopard, zebra, species of monkey, gazelle, antelope, and elephant

Fish Aquatic Life – turtle, lobster, and shrimp


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Eritrea. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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