Flag of Somalia


Somalia on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – Eastern Africa

Size – 627,337 km²

Geography – mostly flat plains with hills in the north

Language – Somali, Arabic, English, Italian

Religion – Sunni Muslim

Monetary Unit – Somali shilling


Natural Resources – uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves

Agriculture – bananas, sorghum, corn, coconuts, rice, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans, cattle, sheep, goats, fish

Industry – light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication

Map of Kenya

Neighbouring CountriesEthiopia, Djibouti, Kenya

Population –  10,616,380 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.83%

Average Life Expectancy – 51.96

Capital City – Mogadishu (2,138,000)

Highest Mountain – Shimbiris (2,416m)

Longest River – Shebelle (1,130 km)

Climate – Tropical – Hot all year 23°C to 34°C

Yearly Rainfall – 32 cm (approx) mostly April to August

Plant Life – Acacia thorn trees, aloes, baobab, candelabra trees, frankincense, myrrh, eucalyptus, mahogany, mangrove, kapok, papaya, coconut, dune palm, pine, juniper, cactus

Animal Life – elephant, lion, wildcat, giraffe, zebra, hyena, hippopotamus, waterbuck, gazelle, dik-dik, lizard, crocodile, turtle, porcupine, baboon, boar, puff adder, cobra

Bird Life – ostrich, duck, guinea fowl, bustard, partridge, green pigeon, sand grouse, aheron


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Somalia. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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