Flag of Burundi


Burundi on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – Southern Africa

Size – 27,830 km²

Geography – Mountainous with eastern plateau

Language – Kirundi, French, Swahili

Religion – 62%  Roman Catholic, 23% tribal religions, 10% Islam, 5% Protestant


Monetary Unit – Burundi Franc

Natural Resources
– nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone

Agriculture – coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, hides

Industry – light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing

Map of Burundi

Neighbouring CountriesRwanda, Tanzania, Democratic Republic of the Congo

Population – 10,395,931 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 3.59%

Average Life Expectancy – 51.29

Capital City – Bujumbura (population 497,166)

Highest Mountain – Heha (2,670 m)

Climate – Moderate temperatures all year – 17°C to 30°C, rainy seasons February-May and September-November

Yearly Rainfall – 90 cm (approx)


Plant Life – grassland, eucalyptus, acacia, fig, and oil palms

Animal Life – elephant, hippopotamus, crocodile, wild boar, lion, antelope, and flying lemur

Bird Life – more than 450 species including guinea fowl, partridge, duck, geese, quail, snape, crowned crane


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Burundi. Available: https://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Facts_Figures/Country_Facts/burundi.htm. Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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