Democratic Republic of the Congo

DRC Flag


Democratic Republic of the Congo on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – Central Africa

Size – 2,345,410 km²

Geography – low lying plateau with mountains in east

Language – French, Lingala, Kongo/Kituba, Swahili,  Tshiluba

Religion – 50% Catholic, 20% Protestant, 10% Kimbanguist, 10% Muslim, 10% other

Monetary Unit – Franc Congolais

Natural Resources – cobalt, copper, niobium, tantalum, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower, timber

Agriculture – coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, quinine, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, bananas, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products

Industry – mining (diamonds, gold, copper, cobalt, coltan zinc), mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement, commercial ship repair

Democtatic Republic of the Congo Map

Neighbouring CountriesRepublic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola

Population – 77,433,744 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 3.39%

Average Life Expectancy – 57.2

Capital City – Kinshasa (9,046,000)

Highest Mountain – Pic Marguerite (5,110 m)

Longest River – Congo (4,700 km [total length])

Climate – Tropical, hot and wet near equator 19°C to 31°C cooler in the south and east mountain regions 8°C to 33°C

Yearly Rainfall –  equatorial regions 180 cm (approx) mostly March to November, south and east mountain regions 120cm (approx) mostly November to March


Plant Life – red cedar, mahogany, oak, walnut, silk-cotton tree, palm trees, orchids, lilies, lobelias, gladioli

Animal Life – lion, elephant, buffalo, rhinoceros, zebra, leopard, cheetah, gorilla, chimpanzee, baboon, wild boar, giraffe, okapi, wild hog, jackal, hyena, hippopotamus, civet, porcupine, squirrel, rabbit, rat, crocodile, lizard, chameleon, snakes including python, tree cobra, puff adder

Insect Life – dragonflies, bees, wasps, beetles, mosquitoes, tsetse fly, scorpions, spiders, centipedes, ants, termites

Aquatic Life – catfish, tigerfish, electric eels

Bird Life – eagle, vulture, owl, goose, duck, parrot, whidah and other weaver birds, pigeon, sunbird, cuckoo, swift, crane, heron, stork, pelican, cormorant


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Democratic Republic of Congo. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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