Flag of Rwanda


Rwanda on World Map

Continent Africa

Region – Eastern Africa

Size – 26,338 km²

Geography – hills and mountains

Language – Kinyarwanda, French and English are official languages

Religion – Roman Catholic 49.5%, Protestant 39.4%, other Christian 4.5%, Muslim 1.8%, other 4.8%

Monetary Unit – Rwandan franc


Natural Resources – gold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land

Agriculture – coffee, tea, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), bananas, beans, sorghum, potatoes; livestock

Industry – cement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes

Map of Rwanda

Neighbouring CountriesDemocratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi

Population –  12,661,733 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 2.56%

Average Life Expectancy – 59.67

Capital City – Kigali (1,257,000)

Highest Mountain – Volcan Karisimbi (4,519m)

Longest River – Nyabarongo (142 km)

Climate – Tropical – Hot all year 15°C to 28°C

Yearly Rainfall – 95 cm (approx) mostly September to May

Plant Life – savannah grasslands, eucalyptus, acacia, wetland plants

Animal Life – elephants, hippopotamuses, buffalo, cheetahs, lions, zebras, leopards, monkeys, gorillas, jackals, hyena, wild boar, antelope, flying lemurs, crocodiles

Bird Lifeguinea hens, partridges, ducks, geese, quail, and snipe


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Rwanda. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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