Flag of Kazakhstan


Kazakhstan on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Central Asia

Size – 2,724,900 km²

Geography – mostly steppes with desert in the south

Language – Kazakh 64%, Russian 95%

Religion – Muslim 70%, Christianity 26%, other 4%

Monetary Unit – Kazakhstani tenge


Natural Resources – petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium

Agriculture – spring wheat, barley, potatoes, vegetables, melons, livestock

Industry – agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials, processing plants for natural resources

Map of Kazakhstan

Neighbouring CountriesRussia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan

Population –  17,948,816 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.17%

Average Life Expectancy – 70.24

Capital City – Astana (835,153)

Highest Mountain – Khan Tangiri Shyngy (6,995m)

Longest River – Irtysh (4,441 km)

Climate – Continental – Hot summers 18°C to 30°C, cold winters – -3°C to -40°C

Yearly Rainfall – 10 cm (approx) in desert areas and 35 cm (approx) in steppes

Plant Life – steppe vegetation, Shrenkii tulips, Scotch pines, aspen, birch, white poplar, olive, bird cherry and willow trees.

Animal Lifewolf, moose, wild boar, roe deer, lynx, polecats, weasels, foxes, badger, pine marten and ermine, hares, ground squirrels, jerboa, marmots, hedgehogs, hamsters, mice, and voles

Bird Life – 513 species including steppe eagle, hobby, grebe, booby, cormorant, heron, stork, ducks, geese and swans


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Kazakhstan. Available: https://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Facts_Figures/Country_Facts/Kazakhstan.htm. Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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