Flag of Mongolia


Mongolia on World Map

Continent Asia

Region – Northern Asia

Size – 1,564,116 km²

Geography – desert, semi desert and steppes

Language – Khalkha Mongo 90% (official), Turkic, Russian

Religion – Buddhist 53%, Muslim 3%, Christian 2.2%, Shamanist 2.9%, none 38.9%

Monetary Unit – Mongolian togrog


Natural Resources – oil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron

Agriculture – wheat, barley, vegetables, forage crops; sheep, goats, cattle, camels, horses

Industry – construction, mining for coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, gold and oil; food; cashmere and natural fibre manufacturing

Map of Kazakhstan

Neighbouring CountriesRussia, China

Population –  2,953,190 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.37%

Average Life Expectancy – 68.98

Capital City – Ulaanbaatar (1,334,000)

Highest Mountain – Nayramadlin Orgil (4,374m)

Longest River – Orkhon (1,124 km)

Climate – continental – Short, hot summers 8°C to 25°C, long, cold winters – -28°C to 4°C

Yearly Rainfall – 30 cm (approx) mostly May to June

Plant Life – conifer, Siberian larch, Siberian cedar, pine, spruce, birch, aspen, poplar, grasses, rhododendrons, eidelweiss

Animal Life – grey wolf, Siberian ibex, Bactrian camel, snow leopard, wild horses, saiga antelope, musk deer, black-tailed gazelle, wild cat, wild boar, fox

Bird Life – hawks, falcons, buzzards, cranes, owls, golden eagle, spoonbill, pelican, egrets, swans, gulls

Fish Life – trout, sturgeon, roach, pike, perch, taimen


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Mongolia. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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