Flag of France


France on World Map

Continent Europe

Region – Western Europe

Territories – French Polynesia, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, New Caledonia

Size – 643,427 km²

Geography – north and west – flat plains with small hills , south and east – mountainous

Language – French

Religion – 85% Roman Catholic, 7% Muslim, 2% Protestant, 6% Other

Monetary Unit – Euro

Natural Resources
– coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorspar, gypsum, timber, fish

Agriculture – wheat, cereals, sugar beets, potatoes, wine grapes; beef, dairy products; fish

Industry – machinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism

Map of France

Neighbouring CountriesBelgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Andorra

Population – 66,259,012 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.574%

Average Life Expectancy – 81.6

Capital City – Paris (2,273,305)

Highest Mountain – Mont Blanc (4,807 m)

Longest River – Loire (1,020 km)

Climate – north and west region – temperate – warm summers 12°C to 20°C and cool winters 4°C to 12°, central and east region – continental – hot summers 12°C to 27°C and cool winters -1°C to 7°C, south region – Mediterranean  hot summers 15°C to 29°C and cool winters 2°C to 12°

Yearly Rainfall – north and west region 92 cm (approx), central and east region 80cm (approx), south region 50cm (approx)


Plant Life – oak, beech, pine, birch, poplar, willow, chestnut, olive, vines, mulberry, fig, laurel, herbs

Animal Lifebrown bear, chamois, marmot, polecat, marten, wild boar, deer, hedgehog, shrew, fox, weasel, bat, squirrel, badger, rabbit, mouse, otter, and beaver

Bird Life – warblers, thrushes, magpies, owls, buzzards, gulls, storks, eagles, falcons, pheasants, partridge, terns, buntings, herons

Aquatic Life – eels, pike, perch, carp, roach, salmon, and trout; lobster, crayfish


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). France. Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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