Belgium Flag


Belgium on World Map

Continent Europe

Region – Western Europe, EU member

Size – 30,528 km²

Geography – Mostly flat with central hills

Language – Dutch, French, German

Religion – 75%  Roman Catholic, 25% Protestant

Monetary Unit – Euro

Natural Resources – construction materials, silica sand, carbonates

Agriculture – sugar beets, fresh vegetables, fruits, grain, tobacco; beef, veal, pork, milk

Industry – engineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, transportation equipment, scientific instruments, processed food and beverages, chemicals, basic metals, textiles, glass, petroleum

Belgium Map

Neighbouring CountriesNetherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, France

Population – 10,449,361 (2014)

Population Growth Rate – 0.12%

Average Life Expectancy – 78.92

Capital City – Brussels (population 1,138,854)

Highest Mountain – No mountains – highest point Signal de Botrange (694 m)

Longest River – Scheldt (200 km )

Climate – warm, wet summers 12°C to 24°C, cool winters  -1°C to 10°C

Yearly Rainfall – 85 cm approx


Plant Life – beech, oak, digitalis (foxglove), wild arum, hyacinth, strawberry, goldenrod, lily of the valley

Animal Life – boar, fox, badger, squirrel, weasel, marten, and hedgehog

Aquatic Life – pike, carp, trout, eel, barbel, perch, smelt, chub, roach, bream, shad, sole, mussels, crayfish, shrimp


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Belgium. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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