Netherlands Flag


Netherlands on World Map

Continent Europe

Region – Western Europe, EU member

Territories – Aruba, Netherlands Antilles

Size – 41,543 km²

Geography – Mostly flat and reclaimed land, some hills to the south-east

Language – Dutch

Religion – Roman Catholic 28%, Protestant 19%, other 11%, none 42%

Monetary Unit – Euro

Natural Resources – natural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land

Agriculture – grains, potatoes, sugar beets, fruits, vegetables; livestock

Industry – agroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing

Netherlands Map

Neighbouring CountriesGermany, Belgium

Population – 16,947,904 (2015)

Population Growth Rate – 0.41%

Average Life Expectancy – 81.23

Capital City – Amsterdam (population 1,084,000)

Highest Mountain – No mountains – highest point Vaalserberg (322 m)

Longest River – Rhine (1233 km in Netherlands, Germany, France, Liechtenstein, Austria, Switzerland)

Climate – warm summers 13°C to 22°C, cool winters  1°C to 5°C

Yearly Rainfall – 76 cm approx


Plant Life – oak, elm, pine, linden, beech, tulips, heather, marsh trefoil, juniper, orchid

Animal Life – fox, badger, beaver

Bird Life – seagulls, widgeon, barnacle geese, black grouse, black woodpecker


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Netherlands. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Facts and Figures Pages

World Facts
Country Facts