Italy flag


Italy on world map

Continent – Europe

Region – Western Europe

Size – 301,340km²

Geography – mostly rugged, mountainous, coastal plains

Language – Italian, some German and French

Religion – Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%

Monetary Unit – Euro


Natural Resources – coal, mercury, zinc, potash, marble, barite, asbestos, pumice, fluorspar, feldspar, pyrite

Agriculture – fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish

Industry – tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics

Italy Map

Neighbouring Countries – France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, Vatican City, San Marino

Population –  61,680,122 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.3%

Average Life Expectancy – 82.03

Capital City – Rome (3,357,000)

Highest Mountain – Mont Blanc de Courmayeur (4,478m)

Longest River – Po (652 km)

Climate – Mediterranean cool winters 3°C to 14°C, warm summers 15°C to 29°C, winters and summers are cooler in mountain regions

Yearly Rainfall – 76 cm (approx)

Plant Life – conifers, beech, oak, chestnut, poplar, willow, cork, juniper, bramble, laurel, myrtle, alpines

Animal Life – chamois, ibex, roe deer, marmot

Bird Life – ravens, swallows, woodpecker, wood pigeon


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Italy. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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