Argentina Flag


Argentina on a World Map

Continent South America

Region – No regions in South America

Size – 2,766,890 km²

Geography – East and south low and flat, mountainous to west and north-west

Language – Spanish

Religion – Roman Catholic 88% Protestant 10%, Jewish 2%

Monetary Unit – Peso

Natural Resources – Lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium

Agriculture – sunflower seeds, lemons, soybeans, grapes, corn, tobacco, peanuts, tea, wheat; livestock

Industry – food processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel

Argentina Map

Neighbouring CountriesUruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Chile

Population – 43,024,374 (2014)

Population Growth Rate – 0.9%

Average Life Expectancy – 76.3

Capital City – Buenos Aires (population 2,890,151)

Highest Mountain – Aconcagua (6,962 m)

Longest River – Parana (2,570 km)

Climate – North – hot, humid summers 18°C to 36°C,  mild, dry winters 12°C to 23°C
Central – hot summers 17°C to 30°C, cool winters 5°C to 18°C
South – warm summers 11°C to 28°C, cold snowy winters -2°C to 12°C

Yearly Rainfall – North120 cm approx, Central 95 cm approx,  South 130 cm approx


Plant Life – Sub-tropical plants in the north, tall pampas grass in the centre, shrubs, conifers and broad-leafed trees in the south

Animal Life – North – jaguar, cougar, ocelot, howler monkey, crocodile, caiman, tapir, capybara, anteater, ferret, raccoon, turtle, tortoise
Centre – armadillo, pampas cat, rhea, deer, fox
West – llama, guanaco, vicuna
South – cougar, huemul, pudu, wild boar
Boa constrictor, viper, rattle snake

Bird Life
– North – hummingbird, flamingo, toucan, parrot
Centre – hawk, falcon, heron, partridge
West – condor
South – cormorant, penguin

Aquatic Life elephant seal, fur seal, sea lion, penguin, dolphin, orca, southern right whale, sardine, argentine hake, dolphinfish, salmon,  shark, spider crab,


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Argentina. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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