Flag of Chile


Chile on World Map

Continent South America

Size – 756,950 km²

Geography – Low coastal mountains, central valley, Andes in east

Language – Spanish

Religion – 70% Roman Catholic, 15% Evangelical, 8.3% none, 7.7% other

Monetary Unit – Peso


Natural Resources – copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum

Agriculture – grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timber

Industry – copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles

Chile Map

Neighbouring CountriesPeru, Bolivia, Argentina

Population – 17,363,894 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 0.91%

Average Life Expectancy – 77

Capital City – Santiago (population 5,145,599)

Highest Mountain – Nevado Ojos del Salado (6,880 m)

Longest River – Loa (440 km)

Climate – North – cool desert -17°C to 28°C, Central Mediterranean  – warm, dry summers 10°C to 26°C, cool, wet winters 5°C to 18°C, South cool and wet all year

Yearly Rainfall –  North – minimal rainfall, Central – 40cm (approx), South -300cm (approx)

Plant Life – North – very little plant life, Central – cactus, espinos, Chilean pine, and the copihue, a red bell-shaped flower that is Chile’s national flower, South – dense forests of laurels, magnolias, and various species of conifers and beeches

Animal Life – puma, cougar, guanaco, Andean wolf, chilla, marsupials, small deer

Bird Life – many species of small birds

Aquatic Life – many species of fish, penguins, whales, seals


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Chile. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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