Peru Flag


Peru on World Map

Continent South America

Region – Not applicable

Size – 1,285,216 km²

Geography – Central mountains with coastal plain and eastern jungle

Language – Spanish, Quechua, Aymara

Religion – Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other and none 6.2%

Monetary Unit – Peruvian nuevo sol

Natural Resources – copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas

Agriculture – artichokes, asparagus, avocados, blueberries, coffee, cocoa, cotton, sugarcane, rice, potatoes, corn, plantains, grapes, oranges, pineapples, guavas, bananas, apples, lemons, pears, coca, tomatoes, mangoes, barley, medicinal plants, quinoa, palm oil, marigold, onion, wheat, dry beans; poultry, beef, pork, dairy products; guinea pigs; fish

Industry – mining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas and natural gas liquefaction; fishing and fish processing, cement, glass, textiles, clothing, food processing, beer, soft drinks, rubber, machinery, electrical machinery, chemicals, furniture

Peru Map

Neighbouring CountriesEcuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile

Population – 30,444,999 (2015)

Population Growth Rate – 0.97%

Average Life Expectancy – 73.48

Capital City – Lima (population 9,897,000)

Highest Mountain – Nevado Huascaran (6,768 m)

Longest River – Ucayali (1,771 km)

Climate – Coastal Region – Warm winters 15°C to 24°C and hot summers 28°C to 35°C, Mountains – cool winters 1°C to 19°C and cool summers 6°C to 25°C

Yearly Rainfall – 75cm in mountains, 12 cm on coast


Plant Life – algarroba, cactus, intermontane pepper trees, eucalyptus, sarsaparilla, barbasco, cinchona, coca, ipecac, vanilla, leche caspi, curare, mahogany, rubber

Animal Life – vizcacha, chinchilla, puma, llama, alpaca, huarizo, guanaco, monkeys, sloths, snakes, boa constrictor

Bird Life – pelicans, gannets, cormorants, condor, ducks, parrots

Marine Life – anchoveta, tuna, whale, swordfish, marlin, alligators, paiche fish, piranhas


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Peru. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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