Flag of Ecuador


Ecuador on World Map

Continent South America

Size – 283,560 km²

Geography – coastal plain, central highlands, eastern jungle, Galapagos Islands

Language – Spanish, Quechua

Religion – 95% Roman Catholic, 5% other

Monetary Unit – U S Dollar


Natural Resources – petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower

Agriculture – bananas, coffee, cocoa, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca), plantains, sugarcane; cattle, sheep, pigs, beef, pork, dairy products; balsa wood; fish, shrimp

Industry – petroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals

Map of Ecuador

Neighbouring Countries – Colombia, Peru

Population – 15,654,411 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.37%

Average Life Expectancy – 76.8

Capital City – Quito (1,671,191)

Largest City – Guayaquil (2,291,158)

Highest Mountain – Chimborazo (6,267 m)

Longest River – Napo (885 km total length)

Climate – coastal region – tropical, hot, humid 18°C to 32°C, mountain region – warm days and cool nights – 7°C to 23°C, eastern region, tropical, hot, humid
22°C to 32°C, Galapagos Islands – tropical, warm 19°C to 31°C

Yearly Rainfall – coastal region 97 cm (approx) mostly January to April, mountain region – 110 cm (approx), eastern region 245cm (approx) mostly December to July, Galapagos Islands – 10cm (approx) mostly January to April


Plant Life – jungle forests, savanna grasses, low shrubs, ceiba trees, potatoes, corn

Animal Lifellama, guinea pig, small mammals and reptiles – Galapagos Islands – tortoises, iguanas,

Bird Life – condor – Galapagos Islands 85 bird species including hood mockingbirds, swallow-tailed gulls, blue footed boobies, Nazca boobies, Galápagos hawks, finches, waved albatross, cormorant, pelican, frigate birds, terns, penguin

Fish Aquatic Life – shrimp – Galapagos Islands – fur seals, sea lions, whales, dolphins, marine turtles, crabs


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Ecuador. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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