Bengal Tiger

Bengal Tiger

Scientific Name Panthera tigris tigris

Classification – Panthera

Gender Names – Male – Tiger; Female – Tigress; Baby – Cub

Collective Noun – A streak or an ambush

Length/Size – 2.4m – 3.3m (6.8ft – 11ft)

Weight – 140kg – 300kg (309lbs – 660lbs)

Top Speed – 96km/h (60mph)

Life Expectancy – 10 to 15 years; 16 and 20 in zoo

Mating Season  November – April

Pregnancy – 104 – 106 days

Special Features  Striped fur and large body size

Social Structure – Solitary; do not form family groups; Females have specific territories, but males tend to leave their own territory in search for female for mating where they stay for several days

Geographical Distribution – India (primarily in West Bengal), also in Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan

Natural Habitat – Dense tropical forest and mangroves

World Population – 2,226 in India (2014 census), 440 in Bangladesh, 163–253 in Nepal, 103 in Bhutan

Conservation Status – Endangered

Diet – Mostly deer, also cattle and wild boar

Predators –None (apex predator)