Flag of Poland


Poland on World Map

Continent Europe

Region – Central Europe

Size – 312,685 km²

Geography – flat plains with hills in the south

Language – Polish, Silesian

Religion – Roman Catholic 86.9%, Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.4%, other 11.4%

Monetary Unit – Polish zloty

Natural Resources – coal, sulphur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land

Agriculture – potatoes, fruits, vegetables, wheat; poultry, eggs, pork, dairy

Industry – machine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles

Poland Map

Neighbouring CountriesRussia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Germany

Population – 38,562,189 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – -0.09%

Average Life Expectancy – 77.4

Capital City – Warsaw (1,722,000)

Highest Mountain – Rysy (2,499 m)

Longest River – Vistula (1,047 km)

Climate – Temperate – cold winters -5°C to 0°C, warm summers 18°C to 25°C

Yearly Rainfall – 60 cm (approx)

Plant Life – pine, birch, beech, elm, spruce, fir, oak

Animal LifeLynx, wildcat, European bison, moose, wild horse, wild goat, wild boar, bats, beaver, grey wolf, European elk

Bird Life – white stork, white tailed eagle, greater spotted eagle, Eurasian hobby, western marsh harrier, corncrake


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Poland. Available: https://www.naturalhistoryonthenet.com/Facts_Figures/Country_Facts/poland.htm. Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

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