Flag of Panama


Panama on World Map

Continent North America

Region – Central America

Size – 75,420 km²

Geography – steep mountains and hills with coastal plain

Language – Spanish, Indigenous languages

Religion – Roman Catholic, 85%, Protestant, 15%

Monetary Unit – United States Dollar

Natural Resources – copper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower

Agriculture – bananas, rice, corn, coffee, sugarcane, vegetables; livestock; shrimp

Industry – construction, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling

Panama Map

Neighbouring CountriesCosta Rica, Colombia

Population – 3,657,024 (2015 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.32%

Average Life Expectancy – 78.47

Capital City – Panama City (1,673,000)

Highest Mountain – Volcan Baru (3,475 m)

Longest River – Chucunaque River (231 km)

Climate – Tropical, hot in coastal regions 21°C to 32°C cooler in the mountain regions 14°C to 27°C

Yearly Rainfall –  coastal regions 190 cm (approx) mostly May to November


Plant Life – heliconia,  hibiscus, ginger, and bougainvillea, poinciana

Animal Life – Capuchin monkey, margay, anteater, sloth, green iguana, golden frog, coati, armadillo, bat, peccary, deer, opossum, tapir, raccoon, alligator

Bird Life – Harpy eagle, toucan, macaw, parrot, hummingbird

Marine Life – Catfish


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Panama. Available: Last accessed Tuesday, July 19, 2016

Facts and Figures Pages

World Facts
Country Facts