Costa Rica

Flag of Costa Rica


Costa Rica on World Map

Continent North America

Region – Central America

Size – 51,100 km²

Geography – coastal plains, central mountains and volcanoes

Language – Spanish, English

Religion – 76% Catholic, 14% Evangelical, 1% Protestant, 1% Jehovah’s witness, 4% other Christian, 4% none

Monetary Unit – Costa Rican Colon

Natural Resources – hydropower

Agriculture – bananas, pineapples, coffee, melons, ornamental plants, sugar, corn, rice, beans, potatoes; beef; timber

Industry – microprocessors, food processing, medical equipment, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products

Costa Rica Map

Neighbouring CountriesNicaragua, Panama

Population – 4,755,234 (2014 estimate)

Population Growth Rate – 1.41%

Average Life Expectancy – 77.2

Capital City – San Jose (288,054)

Highest Mountain – Cerro Chirripo (3,810 m)

Longest River – no major rivers

Climate – Tropical, hot in coastal regions 22°C to 31°C cooler in the mountain regions 14°C to 27°C

Yearly Rainfall –  coastal regions 170 cm (approx) mostly May to November, mountain regions 180cm (approx) mostly May to October


Plant Life – tropical forests and savannas, oak, chaparral, subandean and subalpine flora in mountains, balsa, mahogany, laurel, campana, cedar, orchids

Animal Lifejaguar, deer, puma, monkeys, snakes, frogs

Bird Life – 600 bird species


Harvard Reference for this page:

Heather Y Wheeler. (2015). Costa Rica. Available: Last accessed Monday, July 18, 2016

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